3. Name of activity: 


Organization presenting this method:

                                                                                                                             University of Iceland

A Number of

people reflecting:

  Solo (1 person)


  Small group

(< 20 people)


 Large group

(> 20 people)


B The way(s) of sharing:
Verbal:    x


Non-verbal:   Pictures /






  Em­bodied  sculpture


 Other forms of expression


Digital:   Padlet


  Social media   Digital diary


C Place of reflection (where)   Indoors


  Out of doors   On-line


D The connection with guidelines:

What guidelines are you taking into consideration, while organizing your reflection?





Don´t direct content, direct process in order to co-create the reflective process.


Develop relationships based on trust, openness, empathy, honesty, dialogue and feed-back


Facilitate growth in awareness in learners, help them to “own” their learning,

In a personal and meaningful way.




Try to manage the paradox, involved in steering of an intrinsic learning process, ie to create a hightened reflective attention of learners.


Slow down and value moments of not-knowing, while progressively deepening your reflection questions.



Recall that reflection can never be imposed, only kindly invited.



Always consider reflection as a broad and deepening process, that should be holistic.







Goal of activity:


·         to increase awareness of the experiences one brings to a learning journey

·         to increase awareness of the importance to attend to and learn from one’s experiences

·         to listen to the experiences of others







This method can be used at a beginning of a session



Story from practice:



1.      I have used this activity in a course where students are to take on a reflective journey in relation to a topic of their own interest. This activity begins with an individual work where I ask people to look back and write down cairns that have lead them to this current moment. These can be incidents they have lifed through, people they have met, something they have read or heard, challenges they have encountered, or successes they have experienced. Everyone get about 20-30 minutes to map out their journey. After that we divide into small group to share our journeys with a small group of people. Then we return to an individual work where we are to attend to one of the cairn or an event on their map which is representative to their journey to this current situation. We should use all our senses to bring that event to life in writing. What would an outsider see if he were watching that event? What would he hear (sounds, words, sentences)? What would the atmosphere be like? What were the circumstances? What individuals were involved in the events? What were people doing? Be as explicit as you a can. Then students read their incident in pairs or small groups (depending on time). In this way be begin to explore possible topic each students would like to explore throughout the course.


Timeframe: 2-3 hours